Linguistics Study Guide Essay

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CHAPTER 4. MORPHOLOGY: THE EXAMINATION OF TERM STRUCTURE

Morphology is the research of terms: their categories, their inner structure, as well as the operations that form them. Important topics and ideas found in this chapter range from the following: 1 ) 2 . 3. 4. your five. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. Morphological terminology Discovering morphemes Determining lexical classes Analyzing term structure Derivation Compounding Inflection Morphological processes Morphology challenges Morphophonemics

MORPHOLOGICAL TERMINOLOGY

The next terms are crucial to understanding morphology. You need to know them!

TERM

Word

DEFINITION

Words would be the smallest cost-free forms seen in language. Free forms are elements that may appear in isolation or in whose position is definitely not fixed. Words could be simple or complex. Observe table 5. 1 on p. a hundred and five of the textual content for some examples. A morpheme is the most compact meaning or functional product found in terminology. Morphemes can be free or bound. Allomorphs are the different forms of a morpheme. A root is the core of a word. It's the portion of the term that bears most of the word's meaning. Nearly all English words are built by roots which have been free morphemes, making The english language a word-based language. Some English words, though, are made from roots that are certain morphemes. Think about some examples. Affixes are different types of bound morphemes. You will find three types of affixes found in vocabulary: prefixes, suffixes, and infixes. See dining tables 4. a few and some. 4 in p. 108 for some illustrations. A base is definitely any kind to which a great affix is definitely added. The bottom may be the same as the root, however it can also be bigger than the root. Find figure some. 3 in p. 107 of the textual content for an illustration with the difference among roots and bases. 71

Morpheme Allomorphs Root

Affixes

Base

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72 Chapter Several

IDENTIFYING MORPHEMES

Morphemes will be the building blocks of words. Anything can include only one morpheme, making it a straightforward word, or maybe a word may well contain more than one morpheme, rendering it a complex word. Below are a few hints to get determining the quantity of morphemes that a word is made up of. в‡’ A morpheme bears information about which means or function. Think... can your word stay with be split up into the morphemes h and aunt? To accomplish this, both they would and aunt must have which means. Do they will? What about the word bats? What meaning really does s have got in this word? в‡’ The meanings of individual morphemes should contribute to the overall that means of the term. Think... can your word pumpkin be split up into the morphemes pump and kin? To accomplish this, the meaning of pumpkin must have something to do with this is of both pump and kin. Does it? в‡’ A morpheme is definitely not the same as a syllable. A morpheme may consist of one or more syllables, yet a morpheme does not need to be a syllable. Think... just how many syllables are found inside the morpheme deal with? What about in the morpheme Dracula? What about the s found in bats? This can be a morpheme, yet is it a syllable? в‡’ Often as terms are built, changes in pronunciation and/or spelling arise. These will not affect a morpheme's position as a morpheme. Think... when ever y is usually added to the morpheme discourage, it becomes scary, and when ser is added to scary, it becomes scarier. Is a root the same in equally scary and scarier? Is definitely the root frighten or scar? What is the bottom for terrifying? What about to get scarier? May be the base similar in equally?

Exercise! Determine the number of morphemes in all the following words and phrases. 1 . insert ____________________ installment payments on your supply supplies supplier 4. faster electrical power processor ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________

memory space ____________________ several. format ____________________

flowchart ____________________ 5. bug debug ____________________ ____________________

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4: twenty-five PM

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Morphology: The Examination of Word Structure 73

Practice! Practice! For each in the...



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